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What is GAN – A Simple Intro You Need To Know?

Machine learning for generative modeling uses an artificial neural network architecture called a “Generative Adversarial Network,” or GAN.

A generator and a discriminator neural network, which are trained in tandem to generate new data samples that correspond to a specified dataset, make up a GAN. The generator network gains the ability to generate synthetic data samples that are similar to the real data by maximizing a loss function that determines the difference between produced samples and actual samples.

However, by optimizing an alternative loss function that measures the difference between the discriminator’s predictions and the actual labels, the discriminator network is trained to distinguish between real and artificial samples.

Nonetheless, GANs are useful in a variety of fields, such as entertainment, design, and the arts. They have been employed to create lifelike images, films, and even audio.

How Generative Adversarial Networks (GAN) works?

Artificial intelligence (AI) uses deep neural network architectures known as “Generative Adversarial Networks” (GANs) to produce speech, music, and image data. GANs are composed of two neural networks: a discriminator and a generator. This is an explanation of how GANs work:

generative adversarial network GAN

1. Generator network:

From an input of random noise, the generator produces a synthetic output (like a picture) that ought to resemble real data. The generator’s typical structure consists of several convolutional and/or deconvolutional layers that transform input noise into output data.

2. Discriminator network:

A probability that a sample of data, real or fake, is real is returned by the discriminator. Typically, the discriminator is made up of multiple convolutional layers that assess the input data and produce an output scalar that indicates the probability that the data is authentic.

3. Training:

The training process for the discriminator and generator is adversarial. While the generator aims to produce synthetic data that can trick the discriminator into thinking it is real, the discriminator aims to correctly distinguish between real and synthetic data. The training procedure includes the following steps:

  1. The generator creates a batch of synthetic data by injecting random noise into the generator network.
  2. The discriminator is trained using a batch of generated synthetic data as well as a batch of real data.
  3. The discriminator can be fooled by the generator’s ability to produce more realistic-looking synthetic data.
  4. Until the generator produces fake data that is difficult for the discriminator to distinguish from real data. Steps 2 and 3 are repeatedly repeated iteratively.

4. Generation:

Once trained, the generator can be used to create new synthetic data by adding noise to the network that contains the generator. The generator’s new output should be close to real data but not exactly match any real data in the training set.


Generally speaking, GANs use an adversarial training technique to generate artificial data that closely resembles real data. The discriminator aims to distinguish between the two sets of data. Whereas the generator produces fake data. With enough experience, the generator can fabricate data that fools the discriminator into thinking it is authentic. GANs have been used in a wide range of other applications, including the production of music, images, films, and literature.


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